All of us have had circumstances in our lives that cause us to lose our equilibrium, that make us feel like a fishing bobber that’s been yanked under water. We can feel like we’re drowning, that we don’t know which way is up. But one way or another, we usually work our way back to the surface. We find our equilibrium. We adapt to the “new normal.”That’s what resilience is. When changes that are unexpected or out of our control cause us to feel confused, lost, afraid, angry or even a little panicky, resilience is our ability to muster our inner resources and find our bearings again.No one needs resilience quite like military families! Change comes early, often and usually without much notice. Military families are often characterized as resilient by nature. But the ability to bounce back from stressful circumstances shouldn’t be taken for granted as a given for military families. We may be hard wired as human beings to seek equilibrium but our ability to find it quickly, in positive ways, over and over again, is a function of resources (both inner and outer), support, and lots of practice.It’s the youngest members of military families who are most in need of extra support and understanding when their world is shaken up like a snowglobe because of separation from or reunion with a deployed parent, or any of the other jarring experiences that can happen in military families.As a caregiver and teacher of young military children, you play an incredibly important role in helping them build their resiliency skills and attitudes in the face of repeated “shake-ups.”Keys to ResilienceOne author* suggests 12 “keys” that contribute to resilience in children:ChoiceOptimismCourageRealistic GoalsHumorSelf-ConfidenceAppreciation of SelfAcceptance and ComfortProcessing Life through Productive ActionCreativitySpiritualityServiceAs you look at your own work with young children, can you identify ways that you encourage each of these factors? Can you see how they strengthen children’s ability to bounce back from big changes? In what ways could you be intentional about fostering resiliency skills and attitudes in young children?We’ve gathered some resources for you, to help you learn more about resilience in young children and to give you strategies and tools to intentionally support children experiencing stressful changes.We hope you’ll use them, share them, and add to them in the comments.Webinars/web-based courses/videos:Developing Resiliency in Young Military ChildrenFact Sheets/Articles:Understanding and Promoting Resilience in Military Families Coping Skills that Build ResilienceBooks:“Socially Strong, Emotionally Secure: 50 Activities to Promote Resilience in Young Children” by Nefertiti Bruce and Karen Cairone“Building Resilience in Children and Teens: Giving Kids Roots and Wings” by Kenneth R. Ginsberg“Resiliency: What We Have Learned” by Bonnie Benard“Resiliency in Action: Practical Ideas for Overcoming Risks and Building Strengths in Youth, Families, and Communities,” edited by Nan HendersonFor Families:FOCUS Family Resiliency Training*Linda Goldman in “Raising Our Children to Be Resilient: A Guide to Helping Children Cope with Trauma in Today’s World”(2004).This blog post was written by Kathy Reschke, Child Care Leader at Military Families Learning Network.
The purpose of the Enhancing Military-Civilian Medical Synergies study (2016) was to assess the state of Army medical practice in civilian facilities and identify opportunities for greater synergies. The study introduces the fact that there is a distinction between medical care demands in combat settings and the needs Army medical treatment facilities (MTF) located within the United States, which justifies the need for military medical professionals to operate within civilian hospitals, trauma centers, operating rooms and intensive care facilities.Due to the difference in services provided domestically, there are many benefits to MTF-based care providers providing direct care within civilian facilities. One type of agreement allows for MTF-based care providers, mostly physicians (typically surgeons), to provide direct care to Military Health System beneficiaries at civilian hospitals; there are similar resource-sharing agreements with U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers; and, at some locations, Army MTFs share medical resources with other services in multiservice markets. These arrangements are largely intended to improve the timing, quality, and efficiency of care for beneficiaries, but they also help military medical professionals maintain clinical proficiency. Other agreements enable military medical personnel to provide care to civilian patients, in a training context.The study found that of 28 Army MTFs, 13 have agreements for military medical personnel to provide care in VA or other civilian facilities. The most frequent reason for these agreements are to serve beneficiaries and meet routine proficiency maintenance needs. Often these agreements allow medical personnel to practice types of care not offered at a MTF as well as access training for medical readiness needs and deployment-related needs. Common themes from both military and civilian stakeholders are that these agreements are mutually beneficial. Benefits include access to quality care for patients; opportunities for Army medical practitioners to be exposed to industry best practices in civilian facilities; access to medical technologies that might not be available in MTFs but used more commonly in civilian facilities. Military personnel also cite good community relations as a benefit.Many factors contribute to the MTF’s decision about how and where they can best meet their various mission related requirements. In situations where MTFs have made agreements with civilian facilities, each MTF develops its own business plan based off of an assessment of the local profile and alignment with the needs of the MTF personnel, as well as cost considerations. Considerations for selecting a facility may include: patient mix, infrastructure, service, equipment and cost.A conclusion of the study recommended further enhancement of military-civilian medical synergies including identifying potential untapped opportunities for MTFs to utilize external practice, analysis of the cost and efficiency associated with further agreements, and if warranted bases on the analysis, encouraging the expansion of these agreements to include a wider range of Army medical professionals and medical teams. This week’s Friday Field Notes features another study from RAND, Inc. The Army Surgeon General has asked RAND Arroyo Center to assess current Army medical practices in civilian facilities. Just as with the last study from RAND, we are very excited to see that there is this level of interest as well as sponsorship for assessment of military-community partnerships! We’d like to highlight a few key points from the study as well as connect you to the full article. We’re happy to see that this type of synergy is taking place and proving to be beneficial for both stakeholders, and hope that these type of agreements continue to develop! For full access to this study, check out RAND’s publication site, which can be found here!
Between NAB and news announcements, April was a great month for video editors. Here are 9 must-read video editing articles every video editor should read.April has been the busiest month all year for video editors. So, we thought it’d be helpful to share our 9 favorite video editing articles from April 2015. If you can think of any other must read articles, please share in the comments below.1. Life After ‘Life After Pi’: The VFX Industry One Year LaterIt’s been one year since the documentary ‘Life After Pi’ shed some light on the unsustainable state of the VFX industry. In this insightful post, Jonathan Paul gives us an in-depth analysis of the state of the VFX industry in 2015. The posts also outlines a few of the VFX companies that have shut their doors since the documentary was released.2. What if you forget to deactivate your Avid or Adobe cloud license? Both Avid and Adobe are distributed via digital download rather than physical copy. However, you can’t simply download and install the software on more than 2 machines at once. So, what are you supposed to do if you show up to edit on a new machine and you forgot to deactivate the software on your other computer? This insightful post from Pro Video Coalition tells us what to do.3. Essential Listening: 5 Inspiring Podcasts for Creatives Podcasts are a great way to feed your mind while editing without sound or doing motion graphics. Thankfully, there are a lot of good podcasts out there besides This American Life. Check out this list of 5 inspiring podcasts, exclusively curated for filmmakers and motion graphic designers.4. Video Editors Rejoice: Adobe Unveils Creative Cloud NextAdobe recently unveiled their 2015 update to their Creative Cloud video software. In this PremiumBeat post, we break down all of the new updates that video editors should get excited about. Notably, as a part of the update, the all-new Lumetri color panel will be included in Premiere Pro. After Effects users are also getting a new face tracker feature.5. Apple Updates FCPX with New Motion Graphics Features, Faster PerformanceApple also recently got a overhaul, and this post from No Film School outlines everything you need to know. The new FCPX template will include added 3D features to give editors the ability to create 3D text and objects directly in FCPX. Improved features in Motion will bring better shadows and lights.6. DaVinci Resolve 12 Has Powerful New Editing Features, Fusion 8 Coming for Mac & LinuxNot to be outdone, Blackmagic has unveiled a brand new version of DaVinci Resolve: Resolve 12. The program now includes multi-camera editing, improved color correction features, and an updated interface. The post also dives into new details surrounding the release of Fusion 8, which is coming to Mac and Linux users.7. Avid Announces a Free Version of Media ComposerIf you’ve always wanted to learn Avid, but have been afraid of the price tag, Avid has announced a free version of Media Composer. The inappropriately named Avid Media Composer First will have limited features, but for those interested in dipping their toes into Media Composer, this might be a good place to begin. Avid is claiming that their free version is very comparable to Premiere Pro and FCPX.8. After Effects Wishlist: 11 New Features AE NeedsAfter Effects is an awesome program, but it’s far from perfect. In this post from the After Effects template providers at RocketStock, we take a look at 11 ways in which AE is lacking. A few of them might surprise you.9. Will Apple’s FCPX Z-Depth Patent Revolutionize the Industry?Light field technology gives cameras the ability to record the distance with each pixel. Having the ability to manipulate this information in post is incredibly helpful – and some are arguing that it will change the entire industry as we know it. Apple just recently filed a patent for FCPX that will allow it to edit light field information and the implications are astounding.April is also that awesome month when a little event called NAB takes place in Vegas. If you haven’t seen all of the NAB news, here are 11 new gear announcements you should know about:SmallHD Unveils a Pocket-Sized Monitor/Viewfinder HybridCanon C300 Mark II: 15 Stops of Dynamic Range and MorePhantom 3: DJI’s Latest Drone Takes FlightDJI Releases the Ronin-M: lightweight and lower-pricedNAB 2015 Announcement: The Blackmagic URSA MiniThe Super16 RAW Blackmagic Micro Cinema Camera is Here!Blackmagic Announces DaVinci Resolve 12The Freefly ALTA Drone: A New Way to FlyNAB 2015 Announcements: News You Might Have MissedPanasonic Unveils the DVX200: A Pro All-In-One CamcorderThe 3DR Solo Smart Drone: So Easy a Monkey Can Use ItKnow of any other must read articles for video editors? Share in the comments below.
This simple technique, based on editing theory, will help you hack your audience’s minds and manipulate the flow of time.Since the early days of film, editing and production techniques have found ways to trick the mind. From forced perspective and rear projection production techniques to modern day green screen and CGI — it’s all visual trickery.However, for those interested in filmmaking theory, editing offers a very fascinating look into how people process visual information. It also shows how editing can exploit the human brain to benefit narrative storytelling and simple video editing tricks. In a way, it’s a study in how information lies and forces viewers to accept false information as undeniably true.Let’s look at a basic example of how editing can manipulate how time passes in your films and videos — and how you can use it to suspend your audience’s disbelief and create better options in your edits.Video in Real TimeVideo Playerhttps://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Time-Clip-1.mp4Media error: Format(s) not supported or source(s) not foundmejs.download-file: https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Time-Clip-1.mp4?_=100:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.First things first: let’s jump into the video in real time. As you can see in the clip above, we have a recording of an action taking place in real time. No tricks or techniques about it.However, it is twenty seconds, which is pretty long for a single shot. As a viewer and a collective audience, we can process information pretty quickly in terms of what we’re seeing on screen. We know within a few seconds what’s happening here and how it’s most likely going to end, so it’s easy to get bored. So, what if we want to speed things up?Speeding Up the Passage of TimeVideo Playerhttps://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Time-Clip-2.mp4Media error: Format(s) not supported or source(s) not foundmejs.download-file: https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Time-Clip-2.mp4?_=200:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Here’s how you can speed things up. In the clip above, we see the same shot at the beginning, but we use a cutaway of the glassblower’s face before returning back to the end of the first action. You’ll notice that during the cutaway, we cut a good portion of the action, and now the entire sequence is only about ten seconds long.According to editing theory, the viewer recognizes the action beginning, follows the cutaway for more information, then picks the action back up as completed in real time, even though several seconds of the action are missing. Using this technique, you can also make sequences longer, too.Slowing Down the Passage of TimeVideo Playerhttps://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Time-Clip-3.mp4Media error: Format(s) not supported or source(s) not foundmejs.download-file: https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Time-Clip-3.mp4?_=300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Conversely, you can use the same technique for a reverse effect. As you can see in the clip above, we see the same action as before, recognize a cutaway for more information, and we return to complete the action we cut away from.However, in this version, we didn’t remove any of the action (and even slightly backed it up) during the cutaway, which creates time for the action that didn’t exist. Presto: mind hack. We as an audience, still follow that it’s the same clip though because that’s what we’re led to believe.If you’re interested in more editing tips, tricks and theories, check out some of these articles below.4 Iconic Editing TechniquesCutting on the Blink: Editing Tips From Walter MurchProfessional Video Editing Tips and TechniquesWhy You Should Master the Under-Appreciated Art of a Good Pre-EditVideo Editing Archives
Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now Selling well now is more difficult than ever. And we in sales aren’t taking the right actions to match this new reality. Instead of doing the work that will lead to improvement, we bounce from one shiny new object to the next shiny object, always believing the next will be “the one.”The next shiny object is no better than the last. It’s wasted time and wasted effort. If you want to improve your sales, you must avoid the new shiny object and focus on improving the salesperson.Magic BulletsThere is a never-ending search for the magic bullet, the one thing that is going to improve sales without requiring the hard work that the task really requires. Something must be broken. And something has got change.So instead of executing the sales process we know works, we buy and install the new sales process, never recognizing that it isn’t the method that needs to be improved. The process is broken because we pay only lip service to the process and its use.Instead of using the existing sales force automation, we install a new system or bolt on some additional functionality that is supposed to make improvements. We can’t be bothered with the fact that our salespeople don’t have real, value-creating relationships with their entries in the sales force automation. I’d call those entries relationships but that would be a serious exaggeration in a lot of cases.The list goes on and on, but all too rarely does our commitment include the one thing that will improve our results. Instead, we search and search for the magic bullet. And while some bullets seem to have magical properties, none of them produces the results that we hoped for. There is no bullet with that much magic.Avoiding the DifficultWe are trying to find ways to prevent the sales force from having to do what is difficult. We are trying to supplement the sales force in ways that will allow the least successful to accomplish the complex and complicated task of professional sales. It doesn’t work. There is no way to save them. They can’t succeed without doing what is both difficult and necessary.And we are letting ourselves off the hook too. It’s difficult to build real salespeople. If you are in sales, it’s difficult to build yourself into what you must become. Instead of doing the work of building a deep competency in the fundamentals, we try to find ways to avoid that work. Instead of teaching salespeople how to create value during their prospecting efforts, we allow them to avoid prospecting and tell them that they can rely on social selling alone, email campaigns, or inbound marketing.Instead of helping them develop the business acumen they need to create value, we offer them marketing material. Instead of teaching them to build consensus, we offer them some new shiny object in hope of ensnaring a client.Too Little Focus on FundamentalsIt’s time to stop searching for shiny new objects. It’s a waste of your time. It’s a waste of the salesperson’s time. More still, it’s a waste of your client’s time.It’s time to stop believing that there is a magic bullet. There isn’t a magic bullet, and no one is coming to rescue you.The time to do the real work of sales is long, long overdue. If you are honest, you know that this is true.Improvement is found in disciplined execution of the fundamentals.The single biggest factor in winning new opportunities is the person sitting across from your dream client. The salesperson and her abilities to create value for the client count for more than any of the new tools, any of the new processes, or any remedy you find printed in some journal. That salesperson’s ability—and willingness—to execute the fundamentals of good salesmanship are the difference between the results you want and the results you are producing right now.And improving and developing the salesperson is the single most difficult task you are charged with, whether you are a front line sales manager, or whether you yourself are that salesperson. That execution is found in coaching salespeople, not in managing salespeople. That improvement is found in teaching, training, and developing salespeople to be effective salespeople.Yes, the new objects are shiny. But that shine is only a distraction from what you really need to do to improve your sales.QuestionsWhy do shiny objects so easily seduce us?Why do we desperately need to believe there are easy answers to difficult tasks?Would you rather be a poor salesperson with great tools or a great salesperson with poor tools? How do you improve yourself?Would you rather have a sales force made up of C-players but well equipped or a poorly equipped sales force made up of A-players and those striving to become A-players?
Chris Brogan is one of the reasons I started writing daily. He is super smart, has had a tremendous influence on me, and I am happy to call him my friend. A few years ago Chris started to theme his year by choosing three words. Along with a whole bunch of other folks, I have found this practice to be useful and I’ve incorporated it into my approach.The idea is to choose themes that cross into all of the important areas of your life. Here are my three words for 2017.Integrated: I have always put things into boxes, separated them. More and more, this no longer works for me. Integrated means all areas of my life function as a single whole. The idea here is that the integration reduces friction, reduces drag, and creates alignment. What I do in one are needs to add to other areas.Impeccable: The word suggests the highest possible standards. To be impeccable, you have to raise the bar. It also means clean, clear, crisp lines. Everything has to be in its place. This word, when applied across all areas of your life, is a challenge.Essential: Better is better than more. Essential suggests a paring down. What is minimally necessary? What doesn’t provide value? What is a distraction? This word is more than it appears. It’s an acknowledgment of how little time you have, as well as an urgent call to do what it necessary.This year, I was tempted more than any other to add additional words to this list. The word “essential” prevented me from doing so. Upon reflection, the two other words that didn’t make it onto this list are already encompassed in these three words. Better is better than more.Note: If you don’t subscribe to my Sunday newsletter, this is what you missed today. Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now
While maintaining that that there is no scope for “confrontation in a healthy democracy”, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Friday said that the Centre is expecting cooperation from the West Bengal government.During his visit to Kolkata, Mr. Singh, who interacted with party workers and journalists, was careful to avoid any direct criticism of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and her government.Asked to comment on the law and order situation in the State as highlighted by several Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders, Mr. Singh said that law and order is a State subject.“The Centre will extend all help to control any kind of violence but it is for the State government to ensure that law and order is maintained,” Mr. Singh said.
A slight intensity earthquake measuring 4.7 on the Richter scale shook parts of Uttarakhand on December 28 evening.Epicentred in the hilly Chamoli district, the earthquake, the second this month, was felt in various parts of the state around 4.45 p.m., Met Office Director Vikram Singh said. It had a depth of 33 km which eliminates any possibility of damage to life and property, he said.An earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale had shaken the whole of Uttarakhand on the night of December 6.The last one had its epicentre in Rudraprayag, another hilly district neighbouring Chamoli.
The class IX girl allegedly gang-raped by four security personnel in combat attire near Kunduli of Odisha’s Koraput district on Oct 10 last year, committed suicide in her home at Musaguda village on Monday afternoon.At around 2.30 pm, her family members, who had returned after some work found her hanging inside the house locked from inside. She was seen hanging on her dupatta. The family members broke open the door and took her to the Kunduli Community Health Centre (CHC). According to Sunabeda Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO), Narahari Nayak, the victim was declared ‘brought d dead’ by the CHC doctors. Angry villagers at Kunduli CHC refused to allow the police to remove the body for post mortem till evening. Odisha Chief Minister, Naveen Patnaik, who had returned to Bhubaneswar on Monday after being conferred with ‘ideal Chief Minister’ award at the eighth Indian students’ parliament at World Peace University, Pune, on Sunday condoled the girls death BJP leader and Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan criticised the BJD government for the girl’s suicide.State president of Mahila Morcha of Odisha BJP, Prabhati Parida said that they would holddemonstrations throughout the State for two days against the handling of the incident. Congress hads decided to hold ademonstration on the issue, at Kunduli on Tuesday. Congress leader and former Congress MP, Pradeep Majhi said leaders of Odisha Congress would reach Kunduli by Tuesday morning. “The victim committed suicide due to mental stress and frustration as she was unable to get justice from any source,” Mr Majhi said.The victim had alleged that on Oct 10, 2017 she had been gang-raped near Kunduli under Pottangi police station by four persons in combat attire On Oct 16, four persons from her village had been taken into custody for interrogation .
Kashmir valley witnessed a shutdown on the fifth death anniversary of Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru on Friday.Security was tightened and restrictions imposed in Guru’s home town, Sopore. The movement of vehicles was also restricted in parts of Srinagar.The authorities disallowed prayers at the Jamia Masjid. Several separatist leaders were detained. Meanwhile, most shops and offices remained shut, as separatists had called for a strike.
The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation has sent a three-member team to Jaipur to inquire into an alleged unethical human clinical trial conducted by a pharma company at a private hospital in the Rajasthan capital, the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) said on Saturday.State panel Rajasthan Health Minister Kalicharan Saraf also constituted a three-member panel to probe into the alleged incident. According to State officials, nearly two dozen people hailing from Rajasthan’s Churu and Bharatpur districts were allegedly subjected to the unethical human clinical trial for an osteo-ortho drug at the hospital. DCGI Dr. S. Eswara Reddy, in Delhi, said, “We have sent a team of three officials to Jaipur to inquire into the matter along with the State drug controller.” Mr. Saraf said a three-member panel, headed by an additional director-level officer has been constituted to probe the matter. “Action will be taken, if lapses are found, the Health Minister said. Hospital visitedThe panel on Saturday visited the hospital located in Vishwakarma Industrial Area to initiate the probe. “Principal investigator and patients enrolled in the clinical trial were not available at the site. We have asked the hospital staff to provide necessary documents related to the trial,” Dr. Ravi Prakash Sharma, the head of the three-member probe panel constituted by the State government, said.
Hours after five persons were bludgeoned to death in Dhule district by a mob that suspected them to be child-lifters, a family of five narrowly escaped a similar fate in Nashik district late on Sunday night.The police said a huge mob, fed on social media rumours about a child lifting gang, came looking for the victims in the Azad Nagar locality of Malegaon. The victims Gajanan Sahebrao Gire, his wife Sindhubai, their two-year-old child, Sindhubai’s sister Anusaya and another relative Yogesh — all hailing from Parbhani district — were apparently asking for money along Malegaon’s Ali Akbar Road area to pay for their return back home.“Around 11 p.m. , we got a call about some persons being assaulted by a mob on suspicion of being child lifters. The police rushed to the scene and managed to pacify the restive mob,” said Harssh Poddar, IGP, Nashik Range. However, when the police attempted to take some of them into custody, the crowd turned violent. The mob, which had swelled by then, began hurling stones on the security personnel. “One police vehicle was overturned and the windscreens of some vans were smashed. A reserve team was rushed to the spot and only then did we manage to quell the violence,” said Sub-Inspector Milind Navgire.He said the police took the family, which had taken shelter in a building along Ali Akbar road, safely to a nearby police station.Another official from the Malegaon police station said a case under sections 143, 147, 149 and 323 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) had been lodged against unidentified persons at the Azad Nagar police station. No arrests had yet been made.
Chief Justice of India Justice Dipak Misra, who is retiring next month, on Sunday suggested to litigants to make an effort to see if the litigation can be solved otherwise. “You are welcome to litigate. But do not romance with litigation,” the Chief Justice said. “I do not suggest for a moment that you should not fight for a cause. But when the cause is small and can be solved otherwise, then solve it. Because that also serves the purpose of access to justice,” CJI Misra said while speaking after laying the foundation stone for a permanent building of theOdisha State Legal Services Authority and e-inauguration of legal assistance establishment, “Nyaya Sanjog”, in all the 30 districts of the State.
The Delhi Metro on Tuesday announced that the Commissioner For Metro Rail Safety (CMRS) will inspect the Escorts Mujesar-Raja Nahar Singh (Ballabgarh) section of the Violet Line on Friday.“The Commissioner For Metro Rail Safety, S. K. Pathak, will inspect the Escorts Mujesar-Raja Nahar Singh (Ballabgarh) section of the Delhi Metro’s Violet Line on Friday,” said a Delhi Metro spokesperson.This section is an extension of the Kashmere Gate-Escorts Mujesar Violet Line, and is likely to be inaugurated later this month.The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) said in a statement that the 3.2-km elevated section comprises two elevated stations — Sant Surdas (Sihi) and Raja Nahar Singh. After the section is inaugurated, the corridor will become 46.6-km-long and the total length of Delhi Metro network will become 317 km.
Around 62% voters exercised their franchise in the elections to Haryana’s five municipal corporations of Hisar, Rohtak, Panipat, Karnal and Yamunanagar on Sunday. The elections to two municipal committees were also held in the State. The counting of votes will be taken up on December 19.Yamunanagar recorded the highest 65.2% turnout followed by Hisar (62.7), Rohtak (62.4), Panipat (62) and Karnal (61.8) as per the State Election Commission website. The municipal committees of Jakhal Mandi (Fatehabad) and Pundri (Kaithal) recorded 89.5% and 82.1% turnout respectively.The keenly fought corporation polls for direct election to the positions of Mayors for the first time in Haryana hold great significance for the regional and State politics and could be the reflection of the electorate’s mood in the State in the run-up to the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections due next year.Though the Congress has officially stayed out of the contest for the municipal bodies as a policy matter, the Independent Mayoral candidates supported by the local Congress leaders are locked in an intense direct electoral battle with the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party candidates in all the five corporations. Fought on the home turfs of incumbent Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar and two-time former Congress Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, the contests for the positions of Mayors in Karnal and Rohtak respectively have turned into prestige battle for the two parties. In Rohtak, BJP’s Manmohan Goyal, a former Congressman, is involved in a direct contest with Congress-supported Sita Ram Sachdeva, a Punjabi. However, former AIDWA general-secretary and Bhim Awardee Jagmati Sangwan, the CPI (M) candidate supported by the Left parties, the Aam Aadmi Party and several social organisations, could emerge as a dark horse for the coveted post. The INLD-Bahujan Samaj Party alliance candidate Sanchit Nandal is the State’s youngest candidate for the position of Mayor from Rohtak.In Karnal, BJP candidate Renu Bala Gupta, a Baniya, is pitted against united Opposition with Congress leaders supporting the INLD-BSP’s alliance candidate Asha Wadhwa, a Punjabi, in a contest where caste seems to have taken precedence over the local issues.In Hisar, Rekha Aren, supported by former Congress Minister Savitri Jindal and Kuldeep Bishnoi, is engaged in a direct contest with BJP’s Gautam Sardana. Similarly, BJP’s Madan Chauhan is giving a tough fight to the Congressbacked Rakesh Sharma in a triangular fight involving INLD’s Sandeep Goyal in Yamunanagar.
The Goa Small and Medium Hoteliers Association of Goa has said that unchecked online room aggregator services, mushrooming illegal guest houses and wholesale liquor shops doing unchecked retail business were the bane of Goa’s tourism. At a press conference here on Monday, president of the association, Serafino Cotta, demanded that the Goa Tourism Trade Act be amended to check and regulate most of these ills. He also blamed lopsided regulation and a unresponsive State Tourism Ministry being busy selling “refrigerators to Eskimos”.The medium and small hoteliers held poor management of the tourism industry responsible for declining footfalls. “There is a sharp drop in arrivals. Instead of looking to arrest this fall, the Tourism Ministry is going to travel marts in countries which hardly have any interest in Goa. They are visiting international markets where the officials have a good holiday,” alleged Mr. Cotta. Mr. Cotta said the biggest problem encountered by them was unregulated accommodation, which he said accounted for nearly 85% of all accommodation in the State. “Illegal conversion of second homes into boutique hotels and bed and breakfast ventures is bleeding the genuine hotel industry. These outfits get liberal licences under an antiquated Tourism Trade Act , do not pay adequate taxes, tariffs as per hospitality structure and thus deny a level playing field for medium and small hotels, and eventually cause a loss of revenue to the State,” said Santanio D’Souza, secretary of the association. “Online room aggregators with their aggressive pricing have also driven the room prices down making it difficult for small and medium hotels to survive. At the same time the low prices has promoted ‘cheap tourism’,” said joint- secretary Pifran Fernandes. Mr. Cotta also demanded a ban on wholesalers of alcohol being given retail liquor licences, which he said, had triggered an unhealthy trend of tourists drinking in public places leading to nuisance. “People buy drinks from wholesale liquor stores, which are cheap and start drinking on the streets and just litter the surroundings and beaches. Goa is projected as a destination where alcohol can be purchased even in a supermarket,” Mr. Cotta said.
One unintended effect of the U.S. federal shutdown is that helpful press officers at government labs are not available to provide a reality check to some of the wilder stories that can catch fire on the Internet. They would have come in handy this week, when a number of outlets jumped on a report on the BBC News website. The National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, it reported, had passed a “nuclear fusion milestone.” NIF uses the world’s highest energy laser system to crush tiny pellets containing a form of hydrogen fuel to enormous temperature and pressure. The aim is to get the hydrogen nuclei to fuse together into helium atoms, releasing energy.The BBC story reported that during one experiment last month, “the amount of energy released through the fusion reaction exceeded the amount of energy being absorbed by the fuel – the first time this had been achieved at any fusion facility in the world.” This prompted a rush of even more effusive headlines proclaiming the “fusion breakthrough.” As no doubt NIF’s press officers would have told reporters, the experiment in question certainly shows important progress, but it is not the breakthrough everyone is hoping for.A memo sent out on 29 September to collaborating labs from NIF Director Ed Moses—which has been seen by Science—describes a fusion shot that took place at 5:15 a.m. on 28 September. It produced 5×1015 neutrons, 75% more than any previous shot. Neutrons are a product of fusion reactions, so they are used as a measure of success.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)For fusion experiments, NIF directs 192 laser beams from all directions at the fusion target in a pulse that carries 1.8 million joules (MJ) of energy. The outer part of the target is a tiny metal can the size of a pencil eraser, called a hohlraum, at the center of which sits a plastic sphere smaller than a peppercorn containing frozen fusion fuel—a mixture of the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium, known as DT. The ultraviolet beams are fired into the hohlraum through holes at each end but not directly at the fuel capsule. Instead they hit the inner walls of the hohlraum, heating it so much that it emits a pulse of x-rays. The x-rays cause the plastic capsule to explode, driving the fuel inward toward its center.If all goes according to plan, the fuel—compressed to 100 times the density of lead—will ignite a fusion reaction, but the laser-driven implosion does not provide enough energy to burn all the DT fuel. Some energy from the fusion reactions is needed to keep the burn going. DT fusion reactions produce two products: helium nuclei (aka alpha particles), which carry 20% of the reaction energy as kinetic energy; and neutrons, which carry the rest. For fusion to work as an energy source, the alpha particles must efficiently heat up the fuel to keep the reaction running.To achieve this, NIF researchers have been experimenting with the shape of the laser pulse to make it deliver more power near the beginning. In his 29 September memo, Moses says these improvements had led to alpha-particle heating that doubled the energy yield—”a clear demonstration of the mechanism that is needed to achieve ignition,” he wrote. Ignition is the goal of a self-sustaining, alpha-heated fusion burn producing more energy than the laser put in. Moses also says the energy yield (carried by the neutrons and estimated at 14 kilojoules) was more than the x-ray energy absorbed to implode the capsule, a milestone he refers to as “scientific breakeven.”“It is a good experiment,” says Michael Campbell, a former director of NIF who now works for Logos Technologies in Fairfax, Virginia. “From a science standpoint, the target worked well enough for alpha particles to heat some of the fuel.” But Campbell is concerned about overhyping each step in what is bound to be a long haul toward fusion as an energy source. The energy yield in last month’s experiment is still a very long way from ignition, the goal—enshrined in NIF’s name—that the facility was expected to reach a year ago. NIF is now partway through a 3-year campaign to nail down why it is struggling to reach that goal. “It’s a science-based program now. They are trying to identify some of the obstacles to getting to ignition,” Campbell says.One requirement for ignition is that energy output should exceed the energy input from the laser, i.e., that gain (output divided by input) should be greater than 1. NIF’s laser input of 1.8 MJ is roughly the same as the kinetic energy of a 2-tonne truck traveling at 160 km/h (100 miles/h). The output of the reaction—14 kJ—is equivalent to the kinetic energy of a baseball traveling at half that speed. Numerically speaking, the gain is 0.0077. The experiment “is a good and necessary step, but there is a long way to go before you have energy for mankind,” Campbell says.
A gift of dried whale meat—and some clever genetic sleuthing across almost 16,000 kilometers of equatorial waters—has helped scientists identify a long-forgotten animal as a new species of beaked whale. The “resurrection” raises new questions about beaked whales, the most elusive and mysterious of cetaceans.“Literally nothing is known about most species of beaked whales; they are probably the least known family of large mammals,” says Robin Baird, a cetacean biologist at Cascadia Research Collective in Olympia. “So it’s exciting to have this study.”The species, Mesoplodon hotaula, is a dark blue, Volkswagen-van-sized cetacean with the prominent snout that gives beaked whales their common name. It first came to scientists’ attention in 1963 when a single adult female stranded on the coast of Sri Lanka in the Indian Ocean. The director of the National Museums of Ceylon, P. E. P. Deraniyagala, decided that it was different from the other Mesoplodon species known at that time, and assigned it the name hotaula, meaning “pointed beak” in the local Sinhala language. But only 2 years later, M. hotaula was eliminated as a species when other researchers decided that it was identical to M. ginkgodens (another beaked whale which scientists know only from stranded carcasses and have never seen alive in the sea).Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Forty years later, locals on an atoll in the Gilbert Islands, part of the Republic of Kiribati in the west Pacific, gave a visiting marine biologist dried strips of whale meat left over from a recent festival. The sample was turned over to cetacean geneticists at the University of Auckland in New Zealand who had assembled a database of the DNA of all known beaked whales. “It was a surprise, because the genetic sequences from the meat didn’t match any of the known species,” says Scott Baker, a cetacean geneticist now at Oregon State University’s Marine Mammal Institute in Newport, and one of the authors of the study. “We thought we had a new species.”Then, in 2005, other co-authors collected some whale bone and teeth on Palmyra Atoll, which lies southeast of the Hawaiian Islands and 2600 kilometers northeast of the Gilbert Islands. The genetic sequences extracted from these specimens matched those of the dried meat. “We knew then we were on to something,” Baker says. Finally, in 2009, the body of a beaked whale was found in the Seychelles, in the western part of the Indian Ocean; its DNA also matched that of the dried meat sample, even though this whale lived tens of thousands of kilometers away from the Gilbert Islands.That was the clue the researchers needed. “We immediately wondered, ‘Could it be Deraniyagala’s beaked whale?’ ” Baker says. It was. The team reports its resurrection of the forgotten M. hotaula today in Marine Mammal Science. Counting M. hotaula, there are now 15 known species in this genus, making it by far the most species-rich genus of cetaceans.Overall, the saga of M. hotaula shows “that there are probably even more species of beaked whales that we don’t know about,” says Phil Clapham, a marine mammalogist at the National Marine Mammal Laboratory in Seattle, Washington. “We don’t see them because they’re very deep-diving and live far from land.” They also live in a poorly surveyed part of the ocean, Baker says, where very few people dwell on remote atolls. Intriguingly, it is the islanders who seem to know the most about M. hotaula and some other beaked whales. The Gilbert Islands residents who provided the original gift of dried meat reported that it came from one of seven whales they had driven onto the beach and killed. “That was something we didn’t know: that these beaked whales live in groups,” Baker says. “We thought they were solitary” because of the single, stranded individuals that are occasionally found. The scientists also believe that males of M. hotaula fight each other, because this behavior is known in other species of beaked whales, and because the teeth of two adult male specimens were broken. “Other than that, and knowing that Deraniyagala was right, M. hotaula is still pretty mysterious,” says Baker, who hopes to launch an expedition to learn more about them.
Air travel is about to become even more frustrating. Warmer global temperatures will make it tougher for planes to take off, tightening restrictions on just how much luggage or how many people can come aboard, a new study suggests. Higher temperatures make air less dense, reducing the lift force on planes’ wings. Because heavier planes are harder to speed up, they’ll need more runway distance to reach their minimum takeoff speed in warmer weather. But when runways aren’t long enough, those flights will need to reduce their loads. To estimate how much of a problem this could be, researchers used a climate model to project future summer temperatures at four major U.S. airports, assuming minimal action to cut global warming emissions. The scientists compared the findings with the temperature thresholds that prompt various weight restrictions at those airports for a Boeing 737-800 commercial plane. All four airports would have 50% to 200% more days with weight restrictions by the 2050s to 2070s than they do now, the team concludes online this month in Weather, Climate, and Society. Phoenix’s airport would go from almost no days to 20 or more per year. Meanwhile, airports in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Denver that now do have a few dozen weight-restriction days every year could each have a few dozen more per year in the future, the researchers report. To compensate, airlines will have to reduce passengers or cargo, the team says, unless the aviation industry lengthens runways or designs more aerodynamic planes.