Mar 19, 2008 – ATLANTA (CIDRAP News) – Serious microbial threats, including drug-resistant influenza and foodborne pathogens, remain stubbornly persistent even as unpredictable new threats are emerging, researchers said this week at the leading international conference on new and resurgent infectious diseases.Many of the threats are emerging in parts of the world too poor to fund adequate surveillance and control measures. And industrialized countries’ spending on intercepting those globalized infections is not keeping pace with the need.”Many of the challenges that face us right now are not likely to get better; in some ways, they are likely to get worse,” Dr. Julie L. Gerberding, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), said during the opening speeches of the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, which the CDC sponsors along with several scientific organizations. “These problems can only be solved by the investment necessary to tackle them.”Research presented at the conference ranged from information on the complexities of controlling and treating influenza and other respiratory diseases to insights into foodborne disease transmission. And as always at such a large conference—a biennial gathering of 2,000 scientists giving roughly 500 papers and posters—there were the scientific equivalent of early-warning alarms.In influenza news, CDC and state health department researchers found that:Adamantane drugs, the older of the two classes of influenza antivirals, are becoming increasingly useless against seasonal flu. A global survey of isolates collected during the 2006-07 flu season found 72% of H3N2 strains were resistant to adamantanes; in Asia, 100 percent of H1N1 strains were resistant, though 94% of US H1N1 strains remained vulnerable to the drugs.Meanwhile, resistance to neuraminidase inhibitors, the second class of flu drug, is creeping up. Between 2004 and the current flu season, the proportion of isolates resistant to neuraminidase inhibitors rose from 1% to 5% among all flu strains. Resistance to oseltamivir (Tamiflu), the more widely used drug in the class, rose to 9% among H1N1 strains.And in further confirmation that the current seasonal flu vaccine did not work as planned, an analysis of military flu-like illness statistics by the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego found the effectiveness of the flu shot against H1N1 strains was 71%, lower than recent CDC estimates.In a warning of the stealthy nature of novel flu strains, a team from the University of Florida, the CDC’s flu branch, and a pet-rescue program called HemoPet/Pet Life-Line found that canine influenza has been circulating without detection far longer than supposed. The disease, which kills by hemorrhagic pneumonia, was first detected in dogs in Florida in 2004 and has since spread to 25 states and Washington, DC. But according to the rescue program’s blood-donor records, the strain has actually been in Florida dogs since 1999, and it may have caused unsolved respiratory disease outbreaks at dog tracks that year and in 2003.Among the reports on foodborne illnesses:The proportion of disease outbreaks linked to leafy greens is rising faster than the consumption of lettuce and spinach, signaling a true increase in the incidence of greens-related foodborne illness, according to CDC researchers.Strains of Salmonella isolated from cattle slaughtered at plants monitored by the US Department of Agriculture showed significant increases between 1997 and 2005 in resistance to cephalosporins, a class of drugs used in both veterinary and human medicine. Proportions of isolates resistant to the veterinary drug ceftriaxone increased from 1% to 2.1%; to ceftiofur, from 0% to 21.6%; and to cefoxitin, from 9.1% to 19.8%.And research done at the University of Pennsylvania found that 22% of raw chicken purchased at retail outlets in central Pennsylvania in 2006 and 2007 was contaminated with Salmonella; 53% of the Salmonella isolates were resistant to at least one drug, and 45% were resistant to five drugs or more.Blood and organ transplants are emerging as a rare and unpredictable route for transmission of infections, according to research presented at the conference, which featured reports of tuberculosis transmitted via transplant and fatal Group C streptococcal infection transmitted by transfused pooled platelets.And in just two of many reports on the increasingly high-profile pathogen MRSA—methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which causes both healthcare-acquired and community-acquired infections—CDC researchers reported a higher-than-predicted rate of community-acquired pneumonias due to MRSA. In addition, Dr. J. Scott Weese, a veterinarian from the Ontario Veterinary College, delivered preliminary results of a survey of 212 raw pork products purchased in four Canadian provinces that found a MRSA contamination rate of almost 10%.
Ruiz stunned Joshua – who was a 1-25 favourite with bookmakers – at New York’s Madison Square Garden on 1 June.In doing so, he walked away with the IBF, WBA and WBO heavyweight titles, becoming Mexico’s first world champion in the division.Joshua, 29, took up his right to a rematch and promoter Hearn has repeatedly pointed to Ruiz being signed to fight as a result of the fact a rematch clause was part of the first fight’s contract.Hearn has said Joshua’s team contractually only need to let Ruiz “know the time, date and venue” and says the champion could face legal proceedings if the fight does not happen.Organisers in Saudi Arabia have put forward a reported fee of $40m (£33m) to host the event but there has been criticism of taking a fight of such magnitude there given the country’s human rights record.Human rights organisation Amnesty International has said the move provides “opportunity for the Saudi authorities to try to ‘sportswash’ their severely tarnished image”.Ruiz is again a bookmakers’ underdog for the repeat fixture but since his shock seventh-round stoppage win has stated Joshua is “not good at boxing”.Asked on Wednesday about facing Joshua again, he said: “I think he will want to run a little longer, move, but he is too big, he has many muscles and it will be very difficult for him.”Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Insists on fight taking place in New YorkUnified world heavyweight champion Andy Ruiz Jr has said that he has not signed to fight Anthony Joshua in Saudi Arabia and hopes their rematch is in New York.A 7 December rematch in Saudi Arabia was announced on Friday and Joshua’s promoter Eddie Hearn told a a news conference on Monday it was signed.Ruiz did not speak or post about the bout on social media until Wednesday.The 29-year-old told ESPN in Mexico: “I have not signed anything yet, we are negotiating everything.”Asked about a Saudi Arabia contest he said: “They want to do it there but we have to see where we negotiate with my team. I would like it in New York again.”
An action plan and check list to guide the clubs through the process indicates that the LMC and the clubs will hold virtual meetings starting from today, Wednesday, September 9 to September 18 to assist them on how to carry out documentation for licensing.The clubs are expected to as from September 18thbegin submission of licensing applications with supporting document while spot checking of the clubs by the First Instant Body (FIB) under the jurisdictions of the LMC, to verify submissions made holds from September 21-26.According to the action plan, a meeting of the FIB has been scheduled for September 30with the outcome of its decisions released on October 2while clubs that may not be satisfied with any decisions of the FIB are to file appeals not later than October 7.The Appeals Body (AB) under the jurisdictions of the NFF is to meet on October 12to rule on the possible appeals that may be filed and release the decisions on October 14.The Final decisions will be communicated to CAF by October 16in line with CAF regulations.Chairman of LMC, Shehu Dikko, who is also a member of the CAF Organising Committee for Inter-Clubs Competitions and Clubs Licensing Management, enjoined the clubs to take advantage of the week-long virtual meetings to prepare all necessary documentation to qualify for licensing.Licensing criteria will cover Financial, Legal, Administrative, Infrastructure, Commercial, Health and Safety, Personnel, among others.The NFF Club Lincensing regulation/conditions have been in place since 2014 and has seen a gradual/phased application in line with the best international practices as the seasons progressed.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Olawale Ajimotokan in AbujaNigeria Professional Football League (NPFL) participating clubs have been invited to submit their respective licensing application which is a compulsory requirement for all clubs intending to participate in the 2020/21 NPFL season. This is further to the notification from the LMC to the clubs in a letter dated August 6, 2020.Following the removal of the restriction on football activities by the Federal Government through the Covid-19 Task Force, the League Management Company (LMC) on Monday wrote to the clubs providing guidelines for license application in line with the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) licensing regulations/conditions.
From Lalit K JhaWashington, Apr 15 (PTI) BRICS countries today discussed the efficacy of “establishing” a bank institute and a rating agency of their own following the New Development Bank (NDB) becoming fully operational.BRICS finance ministers and central bank governors met here on the sidelines of the Annual Spring meeting of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, for a discussion chaired by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.BRICS comprises five emerging economies – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.”Deliberations were held on efficacy of establishment of New Development Bank Institute and BRICS rating agency,” a media release said.”It was decided that a technical working group would examine the issues in detail,” a statement said.The findings of the technical group would be presented to BRICS finance ministers and central bank governors in their next meeting, it added.During the meeting, Jaitley complimented K V Kamath, NDB president, and his team for the quick pace with which the bank has commenced its operations, a sentiment which was thereafter echoed by other members of the Board of Governors of NDB.The Board of Governors of NDB noted that the bank has commenced operations through approval of its maiden projects on April 13.The NDB which commenced operations in July, 2015, is headquartered in Shanghai and its initial authorised capital is USD 100 billion.So far, the NDB has approved four green renewable energy projects from India, China, Brazil and South Africa entailing bank financing of USD 811 million.The project from India entails provisioning of a multi-tranche loan of USD 250 million to Canara Bank for lending to renewable energy ventures.advertisementThe project will result in generation of 500 MWs of renewable energy and savings of about 800,000 tonnes of carbon emissions.Jaitley also held a bilateral meeting with Lou Jiwei, finance minister of China.The two discussed areas of mutual collaboration and commonality of their positions in various multilateral fora.Jaitley is currently on an official tour to Washington to attend the annual Spring Meetings of the IMF and the World Bank, Board of Governors meeting of New Development Bank and other associated meetings.He is accompanied by RBI governor Raghuram Rajan, Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian, and Shaktikanta Das, Secretary, Economic Affairs. PTI LKJ KUN